Legal framework

This page has a double goal:

  1. Provide an overview of key legislation enabling combimobility and MaaS
  2. Facilitate convergence (based on lessons learnt and best practice): ideally for instance, the license models for shared mobility that are appearing in different cities are harmonised at the regional level and then across regions (reason: imagine the impact of having different type approval mechanisms for new vehicles in all regions or cities in the EU - it would make no sense).

In this part, you can see the potential for convergence: the license models appearing in Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia are very similar.


Overview: legal building blocks exist at different levels


Federal level

Mobility budget 

Contact: Eloïse de Villegas (VBO),

When an employer decides to introduce the mobility budget in his company, employees can exchange their company car or their right to a company car for a mobility budget. Employees can freely spend this budget in 3 pillars, taking into account the spending options offered by the employer.

  • Pillar 1: environmentally friendly company car
  • Pillar 2: sustainable means of transport and housing costs
  • Pillar 3: money

(website managed by the federal ministry for employment, the federal ministry of finance, the federal ministry for social security and the federal social security services)

Road code 

Contact: Karel Hofman,

The road code - including traffic signs - is essentially a federal competence, working in close cooperation with the regions that can further specify or strengthen certain measures.

wegcode & code de la route

A process is on-going to better include active modes - including signs for shared mobility - in the road code. In the mean while, an overview of sign that are currently used can be found here.

Data licensing as part of emerging MaaS regulation

The federal ITS committee (consisting of the federal level and the regions) has issued a data licensing model that is suggested as a component of licencing models for shared mobility and MaaS at other levels. More info can be found here.



Regional level

(emerging) MaaS regulation

Flemish region (Ministry of Mobility and Public Works)

Contact: Tom Geerts, 


Brussels Capital Region (Brussels Mobility)

Contact: Martin Lefrancq, 


License models for shared mobility

Brussels Capital Region (Brussels Mobility)

Contact: Martin Lefrancq, 

Contact: or

Walloon region (SPW Mobilité et Infrastructures)

Contact: Philippe Nicodème, (Conseiller parlementaire - Groupe MR)

Charter of good conduct (non-binding)

Proposition de décret relatif aux modes de transports doux et partagés en flotte libre (commission de la mobilité et UVCW)


Exploitation of free floating shared bikes (examples not exhaustive)

Flemish region

Policy framework shared bikes (Fietsberaad Vlaanderen) - local authorities can request a draft permit via

Brussels capital region

Use of parking spaces by operators of shared vehicles (NL/FR)


Key enabling decrees and policy plans

Brussels Capital Region

Goodmove: the regional mobility plan of the Brussels Capital region (2020-2030) (in NL, in FR)

Contact: Christophe Van Oerbeek, (DG Brussels Mobility)


Flemish region

Decree on basic accessibility

Contact: Eric Sempels, (MOW)

Here you can find a summary as well as extracts on some interesting aspects (such as objectives, mobility plans at three levels, the mobility monitoring system, the role of the mobility central, rate policy, construction and maintenance of mobipoints, supporting measures). (in NL)


Taxi decree

Contact: Eric Sempels, (MOW)

From 1 January 2020, operators can apply for a reformed license to operate a taxi service. For street taxis, the fixed rates, quotas and the restriction to the municipal territory for taxis have been removed. The decree also opens the market for new players, that are for instance active in ridesourcing and as TNC (Tranport Network Companies) such as Uber.

Walloon region

Fast: the regional mobility strategy 2030 (fluidité - accessibilité - santé-sécurité - transfert modal)
('Stratégie Régionale de Mobilité : la mise en oeuvre de la Vision FAST 2030')

Contact: Etienne Willame, (DG SPW) 


Local level

License models for shared mobility

City of Antwerp

English, Dutch, French


MoDi-project (Leuven, Hasselt, Genk, stad Deinze, gemeente Schoten, gemeente Brasschaat, gemeente Wevelgem)

Draft third-party payer agreement

Draft regulation template for two-wheeled shared vehicles



Charter of good conduct (non-binding)

Namur, Liège, Ukkel...


Contact: Michel Duc, 


Exploitation of free floating shared bikes/steps (examples not exhaustive)

Ghent (Dutch), more info via website or

Brugge (n.a)



Exploitation of shared cars (examples not exhaustive)

These conditions are often part of the general police regulations (algemeen politiereglement (APR) / règlement général de Police (RGP)) supplemented by specific articles per municipality/city ((=Uniform gemeentelijk politiereglement (UGP)) OR cities can create a specific supplementary regulation.

Ghent (Dutch) & subsidy rules for electric shared cars

Contact: Philippe De Bock,

Brugge (Dutch)

Aalst (Dutch)

Mechelen (Dutch) - subsidy rules for electric shared cars